South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
- Location: Southern Atlantic Ocean
- Capital: King Edward Point
- Language: English
- Population: 30 (but there is no permanent population)
- Total Area: 3,903 sq km
- Currency: Pound Sterling (GBP)
- Annual Average Liquor Consumption per Capita: n/a
South Georgia & South Sandwich Islands (SGSSI) is an overseas territory belonging to Britain. It officially became a British territory in 1908 when the UK annexed the islands. SGSSI is a collection of mountainous islands in the South Atlantic Ocean. The islands are snow covered and some are volcano encrusted. Throughout the year, the temperatures are cold and harsh. Although this trend typically holds, in the summertime, strong mountain winds can bring warm air and the temperature can reach almost 70 degrees F.
The South Sandwich Islands are uninhabited but were home to an Argentine research station from 1976 – 1982. There has also been a team of British scientists stationed in King Edward Point from the British Antarctic Survey (BAS) since 1982. They control the South Georgia museum and manage commercial fishing in the area. There is no legislative council or elections since there are no permanent residents. While people don’t reside here, there are large populations of penguins, albatross, seals, and reindeer. Commercial fishing does take place in these waters.
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Rebecca Dimyan, Danbury, CT, USA.
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