(Lebanese Republic, الجمهورية اللبنانية, Al-Jumhūrīyah Al-Libnānīyah, République libanaise)
- Location: Western Asia
- Capital: Beirut
- Language(s): Arabic
- Population: 4,344,354
- Total Area: 10,452 sq km
- Currency: Lebanese Pound
- Curious Alcohol Fact: The national drink is called araq (and is called the Lion’s Milk) and is made from the aniseed plant.
- Annual Average Liquor Consumption Per Capita: 2.20 liters
- Most Popular Drink(s): Araq, coffee
The Republic of Lebanon is situated on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Lebanon shares borders with Syria and Israel, and it has a very rich historical background. The ancient Phoenicians were said to have settled in Lebanon and were known as some of the best seafarers and they made their imprints on history. Lebanon was under the control of the Ottoman Empire and after its demise, it was allocated to France and it was colonized and gained its independence in 1943. Lebanon is a very beautiful country and it attracts millions of tourists in the region. The capital city is Beirut and although Lebanon is an Arab nation, it is somewhat different from the other typical Arab countries in the Persian Gulf.
Lebanon is a heterogeneous nation and in terms of ethnic and linguistic affiliations, there are Greek, Phoenician, Arab and Armenian groups. The official language is Arabic and is also the most widely used language in the country. Other languages in use are French, English and Syriac. Also, unlike what obtains in many other countries in the region, Lebanon has a large Christian population although Muslims are in the majority. Religious tolerance and harmony are pleasant traits of the Lebanese nation. The Maronite Christians form the largest sect of Christianity. Lebanon has a typical Mediterranean climate, and that means there are dry summers and the winters are mild.
Lebanon is a fantastic country for visitors and tourists alike as there are many scenic places that you can visit. You can decide to start by enjoy long walks on the spectacular Mediterranean beaches in Beirut. For lovers of nature and geographical features, you can tour the Lebanon Mountains in the western region and even the Anti-Lebanon Mountains in the east. I was fascinated with the name ‘Anti-Lebanon’ and I made sure I satisfied my curiosity by visiting the area and interacting with the amiable locals who told me a lot about the region. Other places that you must see are the Kadisha Valley, Baalbek Temple of Jupiter and the National Museum of Beirut.
If there is anything that will make you fall in love with Lebanon apart from the warm nature of its people, it is the cuisine. Lebanese foods are some of the most delicious I have ever tasted. For anyone that doubts this, all you need to do is to eat the mulukiyah, a kind of soup made from mallow leaves, beef and chicken. The meal is not complete without onions and vinegar served over rice. One tradition that will leave you asking for more is what is called mezze and it is a collection of small appetizers before the main meal is served.
There is an alcoholic drink called araq in Lebanon. It is clear and colorless, and made from the aniseed plant. It is the most popular drink in the country and is even considered the national drink. Coffee is also widely consumed.
The country is quite vibrant when it comes to sports and is known to be a center for swimming, skiing (there are nice ski resorts) and hiking. Other sports in the country include basketball and football.
- The capital city of Beirut is so beautiful that many refer to it as the Paris of the Middle East.
- The country is home to the enchanting Kadisha Valley, a World Heritage Site.
- The Lebanese are known all over the globe for being excellent business people.
- There are various enjoyable music festivals in the country and one of the most interesting is Beiteddine International Festival.
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Special thanks to our contributors:
Adebayo Ahmed Adebola (Ilorin, Nigeria).
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