República Federativa do Brasil
- Location: South America
- Capital: Brasilia
- Language: Brazilian Portuguese
- Population: 190,732,694
- Total Area: 8,514,876.6 sq km
- Currency: Brazilian Real
- Curious Alcohol Fact: The majority of Brazilians celebrate the carnival, a national party which occurs during the week preceding Lent. Traditional carnival drinks are called batidas which are prepared using cachaca, tropical fruits and juices, wine or champagne, and, if made without alcohol, sweet condensed milk, coconut milk, and peanut butter can be added.
- Annual Average Liquor Consumption per Capita: 9.16
- Most Popular Drink: The national beverage is coffee, and the most common native liquor is called cachaca. Cachaca is distilled from sugar-cane.
The Federative Republic of Brazil (Republica Federativa do Brasil) is the fifth largest country by both land area and population in the world and the largest country in South America. Brazilian territory is also comprised of numerous archipelagos. The country borders all of the South American countries with the exception of Ecuador and Chile. Brazil was founded as a colony of Portugal in 1500. In 1822, the country secured its independence from Portugal and became a Federal Republic comprised of the Federal District, 26 States, and 5,564 Municipalities. The name “brazil” is thought to have come from “brazilwood” which is a timber tree native to the area.
Most Brazilians are descendents of indigenous people, Portuguese settlers, and African slaves. Multiracial Brazilians are called the Brown population (pardo in Portuguese) and include Caboclos (descendents of Whites and Indians), Mulattoes (descendants of Whites and Blacks) and Cafuzos (descendants of Blacks and Indians). It is estimated that there are around 67 tribes of isolated people who have no contact with the civilized world. Brazil also supposedly has the largest number of these people in the world.
The national liquor of Brazil is called cachaca, and it is a potent liquor made from distilled sugar-cane. It is used in many different drinks, many of a tropical fruit base. Caipirinha is a drink that mixes cachaca with sugar and lime juice, for example. Some people drink cachaca straight or add a drop of honey to it. While Brazilians enjoy their liquor, the actual national beverage is considered to be coffee.
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Courtesy: Rebecca Dimyan, Danbury, CT, USA.